The physical make of red worms are actually small in size. That’s because they are epigeic (they belong in a specific ecological group). Not only are they surface dwellers (unlike the nightcrawlers that like burrowing under the ground), they also survive by feeding on organic and decomposing materials. Yes, you’ve read it right. Red composting worms are capable of eating your household litters, and turning these into a nutritious source of natural compost (an available food source for your garden or farm).
These red wiggler worms also stand alone on their name. They are pigmented; and they typically show off a deep pink to light red shade on their skins. But at a young stage, the baby worms will show off a more lighter shade (light pink), and will eventually go darker as it grows.
The length of these red wigglers can also go as far as 8 inches long. Aside from that, the red composting earthworms are also capable of sustaining temperatures that go between 55 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything beyond that may cause health hazards to the worms (extreme temperatures). So when you’re keeping them inside a composter, make sure that you place this under a good shade where it’s away from direct sunlight (if outdoors), or in a location where there is room temperature (you can place them inside your garage, basement, or under the kitchen sink).
These red vermicomposting worms are also prolific breeders. They are capable of producing eggs (each containing more or less four baby worms) and laying these on a regular basis. But besides that, also take note that these compost worms are born as hermaphrodites. This only means that these red composting earthworms are born with two reproductive organs. But don’t mistake them as the asexual sort. They will still need another worm of the same kind to be able to procreate. Only adult worms are capable of reproduction since the young ones are still developing theirs.
Also take note that red worms are quite the eaters. You’ll need to feed them nothing but organic materials (like coffee grounds, newspaper strips, tea bag filters, crushed egg shells, days old animal manure, fallen foliage, and/or grass clippings). With regards to this, avoid feeding your red worms with stuff that has meat, seafood, poultry, and dairy in them. Avoid feeding them foodstuff that are also spicy, salty, citrusy, and oily as these things are quite unsafe for your worms consumption.