Worm Composting Guide: How to Feed Compost Worms

Red wiggler worms are fascinating creatures. They have the amazing capability of ingesting and digesting almost any type of organic matter imaginable. However, this does not give you the freedom to just throw in any type of food into the worm bin since some foods are not ideal for feeding worms. An important point to note though is that worms digest well food items that have been chopped or minced into approximately ½ or 1 inch or smaller size. Therefore, break down the food items for easy digestion.

Some of the best foods for any worm farm include the following;

  • Fruits and vegetable peels and scraps-the red wiggler worms for sale feed well on fruit and vegetable waste. You should however monitor the worm behavior to find out what they may dislike. For instance, potatoes peels are ideal for feeding the worms but at times the worms avoid them.
  • Grit-the red wiggler worms require grit for digesting the food. They should be provided with eggshells or any other source of grit. Pulverize or ground these items.
  • Tea bags, coffee grounds and filters-this should be mixed with the waste material in the worm bin. Add these at any time but ensure all staples are removed from the waste.
  • Pasta, plain cereal, and bread-the worms feed well on these substances. However, you should provide these in moderation. You should also ensure they are moisturized before being added to the mixture.
  • Dryer lint-the worm bin should be well aerated since worms require a good supply of oxygen for survival. Use natural fibers such as cotton, wool, or linen for this purpose. This should be mixed with the waste material.

Food Items to Be Avoided

Once you have the red worms for sale in the worm bin, you should ensure they are well fed. You should also avoid certain foods even though the worms feed well on them. Such foods are avoided for a number of reasons; attract undesirable insects and animals into the worm bin, some are toxic to the worms, and others produce a bad odor. The foods to be avoided include;

  • Oils-do not feed the red worms with oils such as butter, mayonnaise, or salad dressing. They suffocate the worms since the worms use their skin for breathing.
  • Meat, fish, or poultry-avoid these foods since they produce a bad smell which attracts invaders.
  • Dairy products-avoid any dairy product since they generate bad odor and initiate anaerobic conditions. These are not good for the worms.
  • Extremely acidic or spicy foods-avoid foods such as citrus foods and onions since they encourage acidic conditions that intoxicate the worms.
  • Pet feces-avoid such waste material since they may harbor a number of pests that may invade the worms and add no value to the final compost product.

A Final Word

The red worms are highly sensitive to harmful food or any undesirable conditions. The general rule for vermicomposting is to always avoid anything if you are in doubt. You should also seek expert advice on matters that are beyond your knowledge. But the good news with worm composting is the fact that anyone can learn and be an expert with vermicomposting.

 

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